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Future History - Distant and Immediate

From the Beginning of History through 2000 = 5760 humans used transportation, communication, and industry to create a Global World Order

with human technology to light up

the Earth at night,


to turn low-Earth-orbit into a space junkyard of debris

that may have brought down Space Shuttle Columbia on 1 February 2003;


to consume Cetaceans,

Rain Forests,

and Fish

( 1958-1980 fish graphic adapated from Ransom A. Myers & Boris Worm (Nature 423 (15 MAY 2003) 280-283), who say: "... Industrialized fisheries typically reduced community biomass by 80% within 15 years of exploitation. Compensatory increases in fast-growing species were observed, but often reversed within a decade. ... the global ocean has lost more than 90% of large predatory fishes. ...[as indicated by the above graphic showing]... Spatial patterns of relative predator biomass in ...1958 ... and ... 1980 ... Colour codes depict the number of fish caught per 100 hooks on pelagic longlines set by the Japanese fleet. ...". See also the book Empty Ocean, by Richard Ellis (Island Press (2003), and a 25 May 2003 review in The New York Times by Thurston Clarke, who says: "... Ellis writes in summary, ''... the rampant destruction of the ocean floor and its endemic fauna is one of the greatest environmental disasters in history, and it is occurring virtually unnoticed.'' ...". ),

and, as of around 1997, an unsustainable exponential growth of Global population and USA stock market values:


What about the Distant Future of Humanity?

If the population of Earth were to be stabilized at about 10^10 (10 billion) people (using data from The World Almanac 2001) that would be is about 100 people per square kilometer,

If that population consumed enough energy to maintain a USA-type standard of living by using energy at the same rate as the present USA, that would be about 100 Q (quadrillion BTU, or 10^15 BTU), or about 300 x 10^11 kw-hours (kilowatt-hours), for each year, for about 3 x 10^8 (300 million) people, or about 10^5 kw-hours/year per person

for a total energy consumption for all 10^10 people per year of about 10^5 x 10^10 = 10^16 kw-hours/year = 3 x 10^4 Q/year.

Using about 10,000 hours in a year as an approximation to about 8,766 hours in a year:

1 Q = 3 x 10^11 kw-hours = 3 x 10^14 watt-hours = 300 x 10^12 watt-hours = 300 Terawatt-hours = 300 x 10^(-4) Terawatt-years = ( 1/30 ) Terawatt-years

so that the total energy consumption for all 10^10 people per year would be about 3 x 10^4 Q/year = 10^3 Terawatt-years/year.

Using total Earth energy reserves in Terawatt-years, according to M. Taube, in his book Evolution of Matter and Energy on a Cosmic and Planetary Scale (Springer-Verlag 1985), the number of years that 10^10 people could consume energy at the present USA per capita rate, a consumption rate of about 1,000 Terawatt-years/year, is:

Reserves Duration (Terawatt-years) (years) Oil 850 1 Gas 550 1 Methane 1,500 2 Coal 7,000 7 Uranium 1.9 X 10^9 2,000,000 (1/1000 of Earth supply) Thorium 7.9 x 10^9 8,000,000 (1/1000 of Earth supply) Deuterium 1.9 x 10^9 2,000,000 (1/1000 of ocean supply) Lithium 1.9 x 10^9 2,000,000 (source of tritium)

As to solar energy, the total solar energy received by Earth is about 109,000 Terawatt-years/year so that 10^10 people could consume energy at the present USA per capita rate by using about 1% (one percent) of the solar energy received by Earth. This could be done, for example, by building a lot of orbiting solar energy collection dishes and beaming the energy to Earth.

The total geothermal heat flux is about 66 Terawatt-years/year, and the total tidal energy is about 3 Terawatt-years/year, so that those sources would be inadequate to support 10^10 people consuming energy at the present USA per capita rate.

Compare the energy that Quantum Consciousnesses might be able to obtain from Earth's Oceans by Cold Fusion or Proton Annihilation.

Based on the above, it is my opinion that, for humanity to have a happy distant future on Earth, it is necessary that :

1 - population of Earth must stabilize at somewhere around 10 billion, so if we want to have more people than that, we need to migrate to space colonies;

2 - fossil fuels must be phased out soon;

3 - safe nuclear (fission and/or fusion) must be built soon, to get us through the next few million years;

4 - Could Humans and Quantum Computer Intelligence cooperate to Improve the Quality of Life on Earth?

5 - solar energy collection can keep 10 billion people happy on Earth until the sun expands about a billion years from now.

 6 - Could Humans and Dolphins and a Living Earth Ocean cooperate to find a place in a Harmonious Living Universe?

What about beyond a billion (10^9) years?

Note that Humanity must become Extra-Terrestrial in order to grow beyond a population of about 10 billion and to survive more than a billion years.

How can Humanity influence the Future of our Universe?


What about contact with OTHER LIFE FORMS?

Click Here for References.

Click Here for History prior to 1998.

excerpts from Rudyard Kipling - The Gods of the Copybook Headings:


As I pass through my incarnations in every age and race,

I make my proper protestations to the Gods of the Market-Place.

Peering through reverent fingers I watch them flourish and fall.

And the Gods of the Copybook Headings, I notice, outlast them all.

We were living in trees when they met us. They showed us each in turn.

That water would certainly wet us, as Fire would certainly burn:


They denied that Wishes were Horses; they denied that a Pig had Wings.

So we worshiped the Gods of the Market Who promised these beautiful things.


But, though we had plenty of money, there was nothing our money could buy,

And the Gods of the Copybook Headings said: 'If you don't work you die.'

Then the Gods of the Market tumbled, and their smooth-tounged wizards withdrew,

And the hearts of the meanest were humbled and began to belive it was true

That All is not Gold that Glitters, and Two and Two make Four---

And the Gods of the Copybook Headings limped up to explain it once more


As surely as Water will wet us, as surely as Fire will burn,

The Gods of the Copybook Headings with terror and slaughter return!



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