"... On the Planet Earth, Man had always assumed that he was more intelligent than Dolphins because he had achieved so much: the wheel; New York; wars; and so on, whilst all the Dolphins had ever done was muck about in the water having a good time. But conversely, the Dolphins believed that they were more intelligent than Man for precisely the same reasons. ..."-
- from BBC video of The HitchHiker's Guide to the Galaxy ( note the red StarGate Rings through which the Dolphins jump ):
The flag immediately above is not exactly the official Anguilla flag, because I have added a red Dragon of Wales to the Union Jack, so that the Dragon (Wales) is explicitly represented along with the St. George Cross (horizontal-vertical red) of England, the St. Andrew Cross (diagonal white with blue background) of Scotland, and the St. Patrick Cross (diagonal red) of Ireland.
My cousin Hil liked to walk on the beach at St. George Island, where Dolphins like to play.
but somewhat different in structure.
Human brains appear to be composed of two mirror-symmetric
Dolphin brains appear to be composed of two similar sub-brains, each of which has two hemispheres, so Dolphins might be said to have 4-lobed brains
that might be used to experience Many-Worlds.
According to Carol J. Howard,
author of Dolphin Chronicles (Bantam 1996),
each of the two Dolphin sub-brains has an independent blood supply.
Dolphins never sleep with both brains at once.
One brain sleeps while the other brain stay awake
(perhaps so that the Dolphins can breathe while asleep).
Dolphin sleep appears to be different from Human sleep
in another way: the brain waves of sleeping Dolphins have no state
that corresponds to the rapid-eye-movement REM sleep of dreaming Humans.
Dolphin brains are more convoluted than Human brains,
the cortex of Dolphin brains is thinner than the Human cortex,
the total mass of the Dolphin neocortex is slightly smaller
than the mass of the Human neocortex.
Dolphin brain cells are more uniform and less specialized
than Human brain cells
Dolphins are born with about 40 percent of their brain mass,
and reach full brain development in about 10 years,
while Humans are born with about 25 percent of their brain mass,
and reach full brain development in about 18 years.
The two eyes of the Dolphin are each connected to
one of the two sub-brains.
The Dolphin brain area for visual imaging is
only about one-tenth that of the Human brain,
while the Dolphin brain area for acoustical imaging
is about 10 times that of the Human brain.
Dolphins not only have two sub-brains,
but they also have two sets of sound-pruducing organs,
including two "tongues" on each side of their blow-hole.
Therefore, Dolphins can produce two independent sounds,
from their right and left sides.
They can use interference to focus sounds
and to produce harmonic interference effects.
Two Dolphins speaking can sound like four.
In front of the Dolphin blow hole is the melon,
a lens of fatty tissue corresponding to the Human upper lip.
The melon may act as a lens to focus sound,
or to send or receive ultra low frequency sound waves.
According to a 1 February 2001 article in the Electronic London Telegraph by Robert Uhlig: "... New Scientist reports ... Dolphins use sound booms and clicks to stun and kill their prey ... In one study Ken Marten of Earthtrust, a conservation group in Hawaii, recorded a dolphin emitting a sequence of low-frequency "bangs" while pursuing a fish. ... Denise Herzing, of Florida Atlantic University, recorded wild Atlantic spotted dolphins emitting a medium-frequency buzz while searching for prey on the seabed. She said buried eels jumped out of the sand, and either stopped or moved sluggishly as if stunned, giving the dolphin time to catch them. ...".
Dolphins can create air bubble rings and helices in water.
The ring looks like a Ring Singularity within
a Compton Radius Vortex.
Dolphins may be able to use focussed sound to produce cavitation.
Cavitation in water could produce sonoluminescence which can
produce cold fusion and thus oceanic nuclear energy.
Cavitation in biological tissue could produce sono-chemistry,
sonochemical changes at cellular boundaries in living tissue,
that may explain some chemical and electrical changes
that have been observed in Human brains after contact with Dolphins.
AquaThought Foundation and David Cole have found
that after Humans been in contact with Dolphins,
the dominant Human brain frequency drops from beta to alpha,
closer to the frequency of the Schumann resonanaces of Earth,
the hemispheres of the Human brain become synchronized,
in that brainwaves of the left and right hemispheres
are in phase and of similar frequency.
Dolphin and Human Brains may contain BioMagnetite that could give them an electromagnetic sense that could provide a link between Brains and many types of electromagnetic phenomena, including but not limited to Schumann Resonance Phenomena.
John Lilly has experimented with Dolphin-Human interactions, with some interesting results. He reports that when he was in a water tank and some Dolphins were in another tank only connected by sound speakers, the Dolphins surrounded him with a sonic space, and then produced a trill that systematically resonated with different parts of his body from head to toe.
That supports the idea that Dolphins may see things by ultrasound sonar imaging. As with Human medical sonograms, Dolphin sonar vision may be able to see interior organs and structures. It may even be that Dolphins could hear a snowflake landing on the ocean surface.
John Lilly also reported that on one occation he mentally asked questions of Dolphins, who appeared to him to respond by linking him with a dolphin group-mind, which, in turn, linked him to a larger Cetacean group-mind.
In assessing the reports of John Lilly, it should be noted that in such experiments he sometimes used mind-altering drugs, but that does not necessarily invalidate his interesting results and ideas about Dolphin consciousness.
The larger Dolphins have larger brains than Humans,
but Dolphins, up to and including Killer Whales Orcinus orca,
and Humans all have brain/body mass ratios lying near a
straight line on a log/log plot.
The Killer Whale brain size is close to the maximum size
for all Earth Mammals, no matter what their body size.
Dolphin sonar sense is active.
Perhaps Dolphins are better than Humans at actively interacting with the spaces beyond our immediately perceived physical universe.
Dolphins may be mental/spiritual beings, with each sub-brain acting as a quantum computer, and both of them together interacting, through interference, to give a perspective Dolphin vision of the Many-Worlds
by acting like a device designed by Andrew Gray.
According to an article by Jonathan Knight in the 20 November 1999 issue of The New Scientist,
"... Jim Rohr, a fluid dynamicist working for the US Navy, ... got in touch with Michael Latz, a marine biologist ... at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla. Latz is an expert on dinoflagellates, the microscopic, single-celled plankton responsible for most of the bioluminescence in the sea. ... Latz speculates that one layer of water shearing past the next deforms the dinoflagellates and makes them light up. No one knows exactly how, but the strain may force open channels in the cell membrane, bringing about a change in pH which in turn speeds up an enzyme-driven, light-generating chemical reaction. What makes this useful for fluid dynamics is that the brightness is related to the shear stress: the faster the flow, the brighter the glow. ...
... In the 1930s, British zoologist James Gray concluded that dolphin skin must be extraordinary. He had seen the creatures swimming at up to 10 metres per second, yet he calculated that their muscles weren't powerful enough to overcome the water drag at that speed. The only way the figures could make sense, he argued, is if dolphins somehow prevent the water from becoming turbulent as it flows over their bodies. ... More recently, some scientists have argued that Gray made faulty assumptions in his original calculations, and that dolphins don't need special skin. Terrie Williams, a marine mammal researcher at the University of California in Santa Cruz, points out that Gray assumed dolphins could swim fast for a long time. But we know today that they can only sprint for a few seconds before needing a rest. By concentrating their muscle power in a short burst, they may be able to overcome more drag than Gray thought possible. "They are just darn good athletes," Williams says. Even so, she adds, dolphins are such highly evolved swimmers their skin may well have special drag reduction properties-- albeit not as miraculous as Gray assumed. ...
... Rohr had access to some friendly dolphins--he works at the US Navy's Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center in San Diego ... To find out whether dolphin luminescence could be measured, he covered a row of ocean pens with a tent to block out all light--even a new moon gives out enough light to overwhelm bioluminescence. Then he waited for a red tide and filmed a dolphin at night as it swam at about 2 metres per second. ... The effect was brilliant. ... most of the dolphin's body lit up as it swam. The brightest regions were just behind the blowhole, which might be expected to cause turbulence, and behind the fins and flukes, which probably leave a turbulent wake. On average, the tail half of the dolphin was brighter than the front half, as if the flow became more disturbed as it moved along the body. The darkest region was on the dolphin's dome-shaped forehead, the "melon". This is an acoustic lens that the dolphin uses to collect sonar chirps and locate its prey.
One way to interpret these light patterns is that, at speeds around [2 metres per second] ... , the fluid moving over the dolphin's body starts out as a laminar flow. Then as it rushes along the dolphin's body it becomes increasingly turbulent. The melon is probably shaped specifically to prevent turbulence, since chaotic water flow would interfere with the dolphin's sonar. ...
... In his lab, Latz is rearing his own private army of dinoflagellates in dozens of large flasks. Tap one of these flasks in the dark, and you ignite a flash of bright blue fire inside. With these bioluminescent plankton to light the way, Latz, Rohr and Juan Lasheras, professor of fluid mechanics at the University of California at San Diego, hope to learn what laws govern the swirls and eddies of turbulent flow, whether they are slowing down a dolphin, diverting the Gulf Stream, or forming a storm cloud. ... In September  ... They pumped a high-pressure jet of seawater laden with dinoflagellates through a fine nozzle into a tank of ordinary seawater. The result was spectacular--like a fountain of light. But best of all, as the injected stream slowed down a little way in front of the nozzle, the eddies and swirls showed up clearly. If they can calibrate this glow, the researchers will be able to determine the shear stress at any point in the flow, simply from the brightness of the light. ...".
Robert Neil Boyd referred me to the paper physics/9907041 by A. G. Lisi, who says: "... The size, shape, and distribution of cutaneous ridges
for ... the bottlenosed dolphin ... Tursiops Truncatus is found to be optimally configured to affect the [ vortex ] filament dynamics and reduce surface drag for swimming velocities consistent with observation. ... the corrugations exist only in regions of steady turbulent flow ...the capillary and muscle structure ...[ is ]... correlated with cutaneous ridge spacing ... consistent with the possibility that a dolphin may actively tune the amplitude of surface corrugations to correspond with swimming velocity ... By altering the dynamics of vortex filaments, dolphin skin reduces the rate of energy transport to turbulence in the evolving turbulent boundary layer ... The boundary layer vortex filaments developing over such ridges grow into hairpin vortices ... Packets of these hairpin vortices ... produce a significantly lower Reynolds stress within the turbulent boundary layer ... ".
of Languedoc-Roussillon, France had an identical mysterious wound - a neat, fist-sized hole on the underside of their necks, according to Jon Henley, reporting from Paris in the Guardian Weekly of 8 March 1998. Leo Sheridan of Ariege says: "I am convinced that these dolphins were trained by the US navy ... They were disposed of to conceal the existence of the Americans military dolphin programme." According to Sheridan, the USA Navy Cetacean Intelligence Mission was started in San Diego in 1989 under USA President Bush. Dolphins were fitted with electrodes implanted under their skin and harnesses around their necks. The electrodes measured the reactions of the dolphins and stimulated the dolphins. The harnesses contained transmission/reception equipment allowing USA Navy monitoring personnel to see the reactions and control the stimulation of the dolphins. The USA Navy then trained the dolphins to react to intuders near bases, submarines, and surface ships. If the USA Navy monitors decided the intruders were hostile, they would stimulate the dolphins to attack the intruders. In case a dolphin might leave its assigned area, or otherwise become unreliable, an explosive charge on the underside of the harness would be detonated by the USA Navy monitors, killing the dolphin and leaving a neat, fist-sized hole on the underside of the neck of the dolphin.
themselves on the beaches of the Kyparissiakos Gulf from the morning of 12 May 1996 until the afternoon of 13 May 1996. From 24:00 on 11 May 1996 to 24:00 to 15 May 1996 the NATO ship Alliance conducted sound-detecting system trials in the same area, using Low Frequency Active Sonar (LFAS). LFAS generates over 230 decibels of sound at frequencies from 250 to 3,000 Hertz. According to A. Frantzis (Nature 392 (5 Mar 98) 29), no other LFAS tests or mass strandings occurred in the Kyparissiakos Gulf, or the rest of the Greek Ionian Sea, from 1981 to 1997. Frantzis says: "... Although pure coincidence cannot be excluded, it seems improbable that the two events were independent. Little is known about whales' reactions to LFAS; to obtain definitive answers, more information needs to be gathered. But unfortunately, most of the data about the use of LFAS are subject to military secrecy."
LFAS may not be the only very noisy project of the US Navy. According to a 22 July 2000 article in the New Scientist, by Duncan Graham-Rowe, "... It's loud, it's rocket powered and it's ... the supersonic sub ... Rather than being streamlined, a supercavitating object needs a flat nose ...
the body has to be going pretty fast--at least 180 kilometres an hour, or 50 metres per second ... Then, at high speeds, the fluid is forced to flow off the edge of the nose with such speed and at such an angle that it can't wrap around the surface of the body ... [so that the sub is in] ... a single bubble or supercavity ... A supercavitating body has extremely low drag, because its skin friction almost disappears. Instead of being encased in water, it is surrounded by the water vapour in the supercavity, which has much lower viscosity and density. ... in a supercavitating vehicle, only the nose of the craft causes significant drag, because this is the only part of the body actually in contact with the water. ... The overall drag reduces enormously once you reach the supercavitating regime ... and then increases only linearly with speed. ... the early 1990s ... the Russians ... produce[d a supercavity] ... torpedo .... Called Shkval, meaning squall, it is said to be capable of speeds as high as 500 kilometres an hour. ... the US Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC), in Newport, Rhode Island. ... established its own supercavitation programme ... In 1997 ... NUWC researchers announced they had gone supersonic. An unpowered projectile, with a carefully designed flat nose and fired from an underwater gun, broke the sound barrier in water. That's nearly 5400 kilometres per hour--or 1.5 kilometres per second. ... Already they aren't very far off the 2.5 kilometre-per-second speed record for conventional munitions in air ... For ... supersonic underwater travel ... , probably only a nuclear reactor is a compact enough power source. ...".
soon after the U.S. Navy conducted anti-submarine exercises off the northern Bahamas,
... Navy Cmdr. Greg Smith said the sonar tests were scheduled only one day and took place from about 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. March 15  off Abaco Island. Marine biologist Ken Balcomb of the Earthwatch environmental group said beachings began that same day and within two days at least 14 whales had grounded themselves on Abaco, Grand Bahama to the north, and Eleuthera to the south. Eight died ... the Navy planned to continue such tests. ... Naomi Rose of the Washington-based Humane Society of the United States ... said ... "These signals, depending on frequency, could travel quite a distance and could even wrap around the island, ... One could argue that they [the whales] fled the area where the sonar was being transmitted.'' ... Balcomb said the mammals included several deep-water beaked whales, goose beaked whales measuring 16-19 feet, dense beaked whales measuring 10-13 feet, baleen whales measuring up to 27 feet and some small minke whales. Michael Breynan, director of the Bahamian Fisheries Department, said ``I am not aware of any similar incident (having occurred) in the Bahamas.'' ... [Navy Cmdr.] Smith said the exercise was testing for upgrades of what the Navy calls the Directional Command Activated Sonobuoy System. The exercise involved a Navy P-3 aircraft dropping two buoys north of Abaco, one as close as 35 miles to the island, the other 70 to 75 miles from the island. One buoy emitted a sonar signal which was received by the other, and a submarine was moving between the two buoys. He said the exercise had nothing to do with low frequency active sonar, a new and controversial system that transmits sonar pulses so loud they can match the roar of a rocket launch. ...", according to a 21 March 2000 AP article by Jessica Robertson.
Adding insult to injury, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in Washington participated in a study that described
Dolphins "... killing fellow mammals in droves, wielding their beaks as clubs and slashing away with rows of sharp teeth. Dolphins have been found to bludgeon porpoises to death by the hundreds. Unlike most animal killers, which eat their prey, dolphins seem to have murderous urges unrelated to the need for food. They have even been observed in recurring acts of infanticide. ...",
acccording to a 6 June 1999 article in The New York Times by William J. Broad. According to the article, "... The research began around 1990 after large-scale deaths of dolphins and other marine mammals were discovered globally. ... The emerging consensus is that wild dolphins can be cold-blooded killers. ...".
The New York Times article does not stop there. It states:
"Dolphins are Not as Nice as They Look: Revising Dolphins Reputations:
Images of dolphins as benevolent guardians of the sea are found as far back as Aristotle and as recently as "Flipper" and the iconography of New Agers. But recent research has helped to separate facts from the fiction surrounding dolphins.
- MYTH Dolphins enjoy the company of humans.
- FACT People who attempt to swim with dolphins in the wild are often bitten, bumped and prodded. And dolphins that swim alongside boats may simply be using the boat's wake to expend less energy while swimming.
- MYTH Dolphins protect swimmers from sharks.
- FACT The presence of dolphins drawn by curiosity to swimmers may discourage sharks, a natural enemy of dolphins, from attacking.
- MYTH Dolphins save shipwrecked sailors.
- FACT While the result may be benevolent, the dolphins may simply be playing with the sailors as they would a piece of debris or other ocean animal.
- MYTH Dolphins are as smart or smarter than humans
- FACT The two are not comparable in areas like problem-solving and language, but the dolphin's brain is extremely good at the things it does well, like processing acoustic information.
- MYTH Dolphins speak their own language.
- FACT Language use is unlikely, but dolphins do have unique whistles in order to identify themselves. This individual identity is unusual in animals other than humans.".
I strongly disagree with The New York Times article. In my opinion, it is not only deceptive in what it says, but it is also deceptive in what it does NOT say. The article does NOT discuss:
any possible relationship between USA Military Active Sonar and such Dolphin behavior.
Could the study be an example of the Psychological Warfare tactic of Projection - a highly successful tactic used by USA politicians in which a wrong-doer, knowing that he is guilty of some wrong-doing, makes a publicized unfounded accusation of his opponent of the same wrong-doing. Often the wrong-doer makes his false accusation before his wrong-doing becomes publicly known.
Even if the facts clearly show
- that the wrong-doer is in fact guilty of the wrong-doing,
- that the opponent is innocent and was falsely accused, and
- that the false accusation was made solely to deliberately manipulate public opinion,
many people tend to believe the first accusation, and the reputation of the opponent suffers more than the reputation of the wrong-doing politician. In other words, Projection is highly successful in that it is a form of manipulation that works even if the people being manipulated are told that they are being manipulated and how they are being manipulated.
An outstanding example of the very successful use of Projection is the 1998 accusation by spokespeople of USA President Clinton (whose behaviour on many levels leads me to believe that he may be a psychopath) that Special Prosecutor Ken Starr is a sexual pervert.
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